Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, also called Massacre of Amritsar, incident on April 13, 1919 on the auspicious day of Vaisakhi (a spring festival), in which British troops fired on a large crowd of unarmed Indians in an open space known as the Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar in the Punjab region (now in Punjab state) of India, killing several hundred people and wounding many hundreds more. It marked a turning point in India’s modern history, in that it left a permanent scar on Indo-British relations and was the prelude to full commitment to the cause of Indian nationalism and independence from Britain.
On the afternoon of April 13, a crowd of at least 10,000 men, women, and children gathered in the Jallianwala Bagh, which was nearly completely enclosed by walls and had only one exit. It is not clear how many people there were protesters who were defying the ban on public meetings and how many had come to the city from the surrounding region to celebrate Vaisakhi, a spring festival. Brig. General Reginald Edward Harry Dyer and his soldiers arrived and sealed off the exit. Without warning, the troops opened fire on the crowd, reportedly shooting hundreds of rounds until they ran out of ammunition. Some people jumped off in a well located at Jallianwala Bagh to safe there life. It is not certain how many died in the bloodbath, but, according to one official report, an estimated 379 people were killed, and about 1,200 more were wounded. After they ceased firing, the troops immediately withdrew from the place, leaving behind the dead and wounded.
Light and Sound Show:
At Jallianwala Bagh the bullet marks and well can be seen until now. Also to pay tribute to the martyrs a light and sound show is organized in the Jallianwala Bagh every evening in which complete story the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre is narrated in the voice of Mr. Amitabh Bachan. The immersive sound effects put spectators into the picture giving a life like experience.